What are the V and H repeat?
In fabric design, the terms V repeat and H repeat refer to the vertical and horizontal repeats of a pattern, respectively.
The V repeat (vertical repeat) is the distance between one point in a pattern design to the next identical point vertically. This means that it is the distance between the top of one motif to the top of the same motif below it in the design.
The H repeat (horizontal repeat) is the distance between one point in a pattern design to the next identical point horizontally. This means that it is the distance between the left side of one motif to the left side of the same motif next to it in the design.
Knowing the V and H repeat is important in fabric design because it helps designers to create a repeating pattern that can be seamlessly tiled across the fabric. By understanding the repeats, designers can create a design that will align perfectly when repeated, creating a continuous pattern. This is important because a misaligned pattern can be visually jarring and may negatively affect the overall look of the finished product.