Parts of a sewing machine

What are the parts of a sewing machine?

Understanding the different parts of a sewing machine is essential for operating the machine effectively and achieving excellent sewing results. Below is a list of commonly used sewing machine parts:

  1. Bed: The flat surface of the sewing machine where the fabric rests while being sewn.
  2. Bobbin: A small spool that holds the bottom thread and works in conjunction with the upper thread to form stitches.
  3. Bobbin Case: A compartment or holder that securely houses the bobbin, ensuring smooth thread feeding during sewing.
  4. Bobbin Cover/Slide Plate: A removable cover or plate that protects the bobbin case and keeps it securely in place.
  5. Bobbin Winder Spindle: A mechanism that moves the bobbin winder to the right to wind thread from the spool onto the bobbin.
  6. Bobbin Winder Thread Guide: A guide used to evenly distribute the thread while winding it onto the bobbin.
  7. Feed Dogs: Two to three metal bars located on the sewing machine bed that move the fabric through the machine during stitching.
  8. Foot Pedal: A foot-operated control that regulates the start, stop, and speed of the sewing machine.
  9. Free Arm: A detachable part of the sewing machine bed that provides easy access for sewing small or circular areas, such as cuffs or sleeves.
  10. Guidelines: Measurements located on the throat plate that help guide the fabric and ensure even seam widths.
  11. Hand Wheel: A large wheel on the right side of the machine that manually raises and lowers the needle and controls the machine's movement.
  12. Needle Clamp: A small, flat screw that holds the needle securely in place.
  13. Power & Light Switch: A switch that turns the sewing machine and its built-in light on or off.
  14. Power Socket: The socket where the power cord is connected to the sewing machine for power supply.
  15. Presser Foot: A foot-shaped attachment that applies pressure to hold the fabric in place as it is fed through the machine by the feed dogs.
  16. Presser Foot Lever: A lever used to raise and lower the presser foot, allowing for easy fabric placement and removal.
  17. Reverse Stitch Button or Lever: A button or lever that enables the machine to sew stitches in reverse to secure the seam.
  18. Sewing Needle: A specialized needle designed for use in a sewing machine, which differs from hand-sewing needles.
  19. Spool Pin: A small extendable rod located on the top of the machine that holds the thread spool securely in place.
  20. Stitch-Length Control: A dial or button that adjusts the distance between stitches, controlling the stitch length.
  21. Stitch Pattern Selector: A dial or screen that allows the user to choose from various stitch types available on the sewing machine.
  22. Stitch-Width Control: A dial that adjusts the width between stitches or controls the needle position for decorative or zigzag stitches.
  23. Tension Control: A dial or knob that adjusts the amount of pressure applied to the upper thread, ensuring balanced and even stitches.
  24. Thread Cutter: A small knife located to the left and behind the needle that is used to cut threads after completing a seam.
  25. Thread Guides: Guides that direct the thread from the spool to the needle, ensuring proper thread tension and smooth thread flow.
  26. Thread Take-Up Lever: A metal hook that pulls the thread back after each stitch, preventing thread tangles and maintaining proper thread tension.
  27. Throat Plate: The metal plate located under the presser foot, providing a smooth surface for fabric feeding and protecting the bobbin and bobbin case.

By familiarizing yourself with these sewing machine parts, you will gain confidence in operating your machine and have a better understanding of its functionality. Remember to consult

Mood Sewciety


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